The GDP growth figure was 1.7% in 2016 for the Euro Area. It is interesting to compare this performance to other large countries in the world. Four graphs can give landmarks on the relative robustness of the Euro Area compared to its main partners and competitors.
In an absolute measure, it is far from having the best performance but since the crisis growth trends have changed. The gap between the current GDP level and the pre-crisis trend is larger in the US and in the United Kingdom than in the Euro Area. This latter felt but from a lower point than the anglo-saxons countries. The detail of the Euro Area is still problematic as momentums of Italy, Portugal and Greece are still far from what is observed elsewhere. Continue reading
The GDP growth was 1.7% (at annual rate) during the fourth quarter of 2016.It was a mere 0.4% in the third quarter. For 2016 GDP was up 1.8% after 1.5% in 2015.
The carry over growth for 2017 at the end of 2016 is 0.5%. It was the same number at the end of 2015 for 2016.
Domestic demand is currently the main support for growth with a high contribution from government expenditures. Since the first quarter of 2015, GDP growth is +1.5% on average and the government expenditures’ contribution is +0.7%; Almost half of it, that’s a large number (data until Q3 2016, the detail for Q4 is not available yet).
Construction is also an important contributor.
Government expenditures and construction are the German response to the refugees’ crisis, leading to a more autonomous .growth. Net exports have a negative contribution (imports were up due to a robust domestic demand).
Growth in Germany follows now a more autonomous and centered growth framework. It has a positive and persistent impact of the Euro Area growth.
The first graph shows the stability of the German business cycle. There is no break in the crisis contrary to what was seen in every other developed country. This reflects the absence of rupture in the private domestic demand. (The break in 2008 is mainly associated with external trade in Germany)
The second graph shows the cumulated contributions of different sources of demand to GDP growth. On the right part of the graph we see that the main sources of growth are the private demand and government expenditures. Since 2013, the net exports contribution is almost neutral (no upward trend).
This support from domestic demand is a source of improvement for the Eurozone
The third graph is the government expenditures’ quarterly contribution to GDP growth since 2015. On average GDP growth was 1.5% and the contribution was 0.7%.
The GDP growth momentum was stronger at the end of 2016. The GDP growth rate was at 2% (annual rate) for the last three months after 1.75% for the third quarter.
For 2016, the GDP growth was on average at 1.7% after 1.9% in 2015. The carry over growth at the end of 2016 for 2017 is positive at 0.7%. It is the highest figure since 2010. It means that the new year is starting well. The 0.7% means that with GDP growth at 0% for every quarter of 2017, the average growth rate for 2017 would be 0.7%. We see that in 2011 (for 2012) and 2012 (for 2013) the carry over was negative. It was almost impossible to catch up and to converge to a positive growth. This was the impact of austerity policies in the Euro Area. Continue reading
GDP growth was at 2.9% in the third quarter after 1.4% during spring. The carry over growth for 2016 at the end of the third quarter is 1.4%. Growth for the whole year can now be expected at 1.6%.
During the third quarter we’ve seen a catch up that partly compensate the weak figure of the second quarter.
This doesn’t create pressures that could push the Fed to act rapidly. It will do nothing during its next meeting(next week) and we still anticipate a 25bp hike during the December FOMC meeting. The trend in the economy is not strong enough to imagine a rapid pace of increase from the Fed. We think that the Fed will give minimum guidances for what it will do in 2017 in order to limit crazy expectations (remember the beginning of 2016).
We see on the following graph that the GDP trend is around 2.1% in this cycle which way below what was seen before the crisis. This cycle is the worst since WWII and that’s an important reason not to act too rapidly.
The composition of the GDP is interesting. The graph shows contributions to GDP growth.
We see that internal demand is almost stable and that’s the main source of growth. But we see that this doesn’t reflect in a strong momentum for the GDP. That’s why the increase in investment in infrastructure is interesting. it could create incentives for private productive investments boosting growth. This could help to exit the risk of secular stagnation
GDP growth for the Euro Area was confirmed at 0.3% (flat) for the second quarter of this year (2.2% at annual rate).
The table below shows growth figures for different countries of the Euro Area.
In the largest Eurozone countries there is a slowdown during the second quarter. This is the case for Germany (from 2.9% to 1.7%), for France (+2.7% to -0.2%) for Spain (from 3.1% to 2.8%) and for Italy (from 1.1% to 0%) Growth is stronger in other countries.
Carry over for 2016 at the end of the second quarter is 1.3% for the Euro Area but 1.5% for Germany and 2.6% for Spain; but just 1.1% for France and 0.6%% in Italy. For other countries it is circa 1% except for Greece where it is still negative. Continue reading